pensive child

There are a lot of reasons why your child may not be speaking or speaking much yet. Some reasons include:

  • He/she may not be developmentally ready to speak yet, but understands spoken language and communicates. Children who fit this profile are called "late talkers." The biggest difference between a late talker and a child with a communication disability is that a late talker does everything except talk! They understand you. They use body language to communicate. They play socially.
  • He/she may be experiencing general delays in development
  • He/she may have difficulties planning muscle movements for speech.
  • He/she may have hearing difficulties
  • He/she may have visual difficulties

If you're concerned about your child's speech, language, or communication development, consult with a speech-language pathologist (SLP). You can find an SLP in your area through the American Speech-Language Hearing Association's ProSearch Database.


With the help of an SLP, there are many ways to help your child communicate. Below are two important strategies (click on the links to learn more):

Create Communication Temptations

Find ways to communicate instead of, or in addition to, speech by using  Alternative Augmentative Communication (AAC):

  • No-Tech or Low-Tech AAC
  • High-Tech AAC