Skip to main content

Communication Milestones Between Birth and 1 Year of Age

an infant girl

Within the first year, many changes occur at a rapid pace. Below is a list of important language milestones in the first year of life. Although many children don't start speaking until after the first year, a lot of foundational communication skills develop during this time.

Age Range    Typical Communication Behaviors

0-1 months    Gets startled by sound. Quieted by familiar voices.

2-3 months     Cooing and making sounds. Responding to speech.

3-6 months     Babbling strings of sounds. Vocalizing in response to speech.

6-9 months     Understanding a few words. Has back-and-forth interactions.

9-12 months   Looks where you point. Responds to own name and directions. May start first words.


Speech, Language, & Hearing Milestones: 4 to 6 Months, video excerpt offered by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (

0-3 months:


4-6 months:


7- 12 months:

Red Flags

Seek the advice of your pediatrician or a speech-language pathologist if you observe the following with your child:

  • Not responding to noises or voices
  • Not enjoying interacting with others
  • Not engaging in turn-taking or back-and-forth activities
  • Not babbling or making vocal sounds
  • Not turning to look when people show something interesting
  • Not responding to name or understanding a few familiar words by 12-months


Image: winnond /


            Español/Spanish                            中文/Chinese

e-Portfolio created with myeFolio